Mdina is a walled city in Malta. It was the capital city of Malta until 1568, when the current capital of Valetta was built.


Much of Mdina lies on a plateau 600 feet above sea level. There are steep cliffs to the north and east. In the southwest, the land is much lower.


Tradition states that Mdina is more than 4,000 years old.. Phoenicians are believed to have arrived in Mdina about 1,400 years ago. Mdina has also been home to Greeks, Romans and Arabs.


During the Middle Ages, members of the Norman, Spanish and Sicilian aristocracy lived in Mdina.


The original city of Mdina was much larger than it is now. The Arabs reduced it in size and built a moat around it. The new suburb became known as Rabat.


Mdina is known for its Medieval and Renaissance architecture, which includes churches, palaces and fortifications.


Many of Mdina's buildings were destroyed during an earthquake that occurred in January 1693.


Almost all of the Cathedral Church, which was built during Norman times, was destroyed. It was rebuilt between 1697 and 1702.


Other notable churches in Mdina include St Paul's Collegiate Church and St Agatha's Church


Mdina has many museums. The Magisterial Palace, which was built in 1730, is now a museum of natural history.


The Cathedral Museum, located in Archbishop Square, was a seminary when it was built in 1744. It became a museum of archeology and art at the beginning of the 20th century.


Palazzo Falzon (Norman House) was built by Aragonese Vice Admiral Falzon around 1495. It was later purchased by Captain Olaf Gollcher who died in 1962 and left it in trust as a museum.